a special kind of lakṣaṇā, where the meaning is extended to some idea of similarity. For example, in the statement siṁho devadattaḥ (“Devadatta is a lion”), heroic Devadatta is metaphorically called a lion because of his lionlike qualities

✍ the Vedic literature is described in terms of the lakṣaṇā-vṛtti or gauṇa-vṛtti

The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia. 2015.

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  • gauṇa — literally means “that which possesses qualities” or “that which is secondary.” Relates to a quality, having qualities; connected to the three guṇas (qualities of material nature); subordinate, secondary, unessential see gauṇa vṛtti …   The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia

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